Peptic Ulcers are holes or breaks in the protective lining of the duodenum (the upper part of the small intestine) or the stomach — areas that come into contact with stomach acids and enzymes. Duodenal ulcers are more common than stomach ulcers. Comparatively rare are esophageal ulcers, which form in the esophagus or swallowing tube and are often a result of alcohol abuse. Until the mid-1980s, the conventional wisdom was that ulcers form as a result of stress, a genetic predisposition to excessive stomach acid secretion, and poor consumption habits (including overindulging in rich and fatty foods, alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco). It was believed that such influences contribute to a buildup of stomach acids that erode the protective lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus.
Ulcers are common in both males and females in the age group of 20-40 years and over. Ulcers are caused when the mucous membranes in the gastro-intestinal tract get affected by the action of hydrochloric acid secreted in the stomach. It may also be due to mechanical, thermal or chemical irritants or by some hematogenous infection or by neurogenic factors.
Pain in the abdomen starts from 15 minutes to two hours after taking food and continues until the stomach is empty. The pain is felt more to the left of the abdomen and may be aching, gnawing or deep boring in character. Pain is relieved by vomiting and the intake of antacids.
According to the U.S. Center for Disease Control & Prevention, most ulcers are caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria. Peptic ulcers may cause a variety of symptoms or the absence of symptoms.
There may be signs of indigestion or dyspepsia before the actual pain starts.
Vomiting is common and contains food particles. The pain usually subsides after the patient vomits.
Blood vomiting may occur in about a third of the cases.
Appetite is often good but the patient is afraid of taking food for fear of pain.
General health can deteriorate and emaciation can be seen in long-standing cases.
Changing position worsens the pain, so the person often tries to lie very still. The abdomen is tender when touched, and the tenderness worsens.
The patient should take an easily digestible diet and plenty of liquid.
There is a great number of Homeopathic remedies known in the management and treatment of peptic ulcers.
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